Telecom and IT News

Our digital society moves towards a new generation of communications, the 5G. This means, wired and wireless devices will use the same infrastructure, leading us to the next step of strategic technology thought to this “connected” society. The incorporation of IoT in our daily lives would be easier thanks to the ultra-high bandwidth that will serve to improve connectivity not only for users but for objects.

The goal of 5G is to be available for everybody. Not the case with 4G, which has been fully implemented by American carriers. Which is why Europe is now generating strategies to start the development of 5G technologies.

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It is a fact that as population grows, the metropolis are expanding. People living in urban areas were no more than 29% by 1950, however in 2014 the number achieved the 54% and the proportion is increasing at a very rapid pace. The percentage is expected to grow up to 60% before 2025. More and more inhabitants choose to live in cities and experts have calculated that 1.3 million people are currently moving each week to metropolis. As a consequence, cities are becoming bigger. Nowadays, there are 21 megacities (conurbations with more than 10 million of people), whereas in 1975 there were just 3 (New York, Mexico City and Tokyo).

High density population cities require more water, transportation, place to live, public spaces and energy, and that is why finding solutions is a must. All the answers lie in technology and this is the background idea of “Smart Cities”. According to the European Parliament, ‘A Smart City is a city seeking to address public issues via ICT-based solutions on the basis of a multi-stakeholder, municipally based partnership’.

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We live in the Internet world: we buy and pay through Internet, we need Internet in our jobs, we share pictures, interests and we chat through Internet, we make calls via Internet… All these actions require a large amount of information that must be kept somewhere. Because this data is very valuable and may content sensible and secret material, the security which protects it needs to be very strong and effective. That is the reason why cybersecurity has become one of the most important concerns, not only for companies if not for citizens and governments as well.

The financial damage caused by security breaches is difficult to calculate because there is not one single standard model for estimating the cost of such crimes. However, and according to Go-Gulf, the annual estimated cost over global cybercrime is $100 Billion. Meanwhile, the estimated victims per year is 556 million, which represents over 1.5 million per day or 18 victims per second. In addition, every day more than 100.000 new virus threats have been detected. These numbers show in a clear way the importance of cybersecurity.

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Although the term Internet of Things (IoT) began to be used in 1999, in the last weeks a large number of people talked about it. As the European Comission announced, Internet of Thingsis “a technology and a market development based on the inter-connection of everyday objects among themselves and applications”. IoT has also been in the spotlight during this edition of The International CES, one of the greatest consumer electronics and technology tradeshows held last week in Las Vegas, NV.

The idea about the term is that there will be more things connected in the Internet than people connected through it. Although, the connection between devices will become an intelligent system of systems.

The amount of devices connected in the Internet has grown hugely in the recent years. The estimated number of this kind of objects will be around 5 Billion at the end of 2015. However, and as a Cisco study estimates, there will be 50 Billion devices and objects connected to the Internet by 2020. Not everything connected to the Internet will be computers, smartphones, tablets and televisions. Actually, all of them will represent only 1/3 of the whole devices. The other 2/3 will be sensors and newly invented intelligent devices that monitor, control, analyse and optimize our world.

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